writers resources / writers tips

The 15 Biggest Writing Blunders (And How To Avoid Them)

oopsIt’s hard enough to get published without making rookie mistakes. Those are red flags that tell an agent to stop reading, deposit your baby in the trash and go to lunch.

I hate when that happens (one actually called me and told me where he tossed mine), so I’ve collected the fifteen most common cures my agent friends tell me would keep them reading.

  1. Place the reader in time. Give him/her a clue as to the time of day, like a lunch crowd or rush-hour traffic,  so s/he can pay attention to the story. Same goes for the time of year, the season. Are leaves falling? Is heat reflecting off the sidewalk? Do people wear short shorts and crop tops?
  2. Place the reader geographically. It makes a big difference if the character is in an office or a restaurant. That’s easy to get across, too, with ringing phones, clatter of dishes–stuff like that. Once you’ve opened the chapter with these few details, the reader can relax into your prose.
  3. Make sure you’re clear on who your audience is. Who do you write for? Think about it right now: You’re probably writing a novel or you wouldn’t be reading this post. Who do you think will read it? What’s their age–adults, young adults, children–and what’s their genre–action thriller, science fiction, literary? Your word selection and plot construction is quite different depending upon how you answered these questions. Decide that before you start writing. If it’s too late for that, put your pen down and decide now.
  4. Don’t be afraid to use words that fit your writing style but are longer than one syllable. Beautiful words might be your signatures as it is for Elizabeth George. Readers like insider knowledge and learning from what they read. If you love words, allow readers to enjoy them with you.
  5. If you switch POV’s in your story, identify who’s head you’re in by word selection and  interior monologue. Don’t have everyone sound vanilla or southern or like you. Then, the only way readers can differentiate characters is by dialogue tags. That’s not professional, nor is it real life. (Click for more on POV)
  6. Your writing style might be informal, but don’t be lazy about it. Make it a conscious decision. Use relaxed prose as your voice, which means you must carry it throughout the novel. (Click here for more on voice)
  7. Don’t switch genres. Pick one and excel at it. Don’t excuse your inability to focus by saying you love all genres and that’s why you jump around. That’s code for ‘I failed at one so I’m trying another’. How many published authors do you read that switch from literary to thrillers? Fiction-nonfiction is about as big a leap as readers will accept.
  8. Remember to vary sentence length to reflect action. A long involved sentence is retrospective and passive. Short snappy sentences are active. Use them.
  9. Don’t think your agent or publisher will correct your grammar and spelling. More likely, they’ll reject your novel because the mistakes annoy them. Put your novel in its Sunday best before anyone sees it. Allow any reader–even your mother–to judge it on the merits, not lack thereof. (Click here for common grammar errors)
  10. DO NOT use exclamation points. Use words to get the excitement across, not punctuation. This is one suggestion everyone I know agrees on, so if you ignore the other fourteen ideas in the list, follow this one.
  11. Remember there are five senses, not one. Add smell, touch, taste to your story. Readers love those details and when they’re not there, your story feels flat. No one lives in a one-sense world.
  12. Wordiness is boring. Writers often get caught up in their art. We love words. I read dictionaries for fun, but most readers aren’t like that. Cut as much as you can. Don’t repeat even if your prose is stunning.
  13. Don’t leave loose ends. As you write your story, make a note of every plot point you started, every subplot no matter how minor, and tie them up by the end of the story. Novels aren’t like real life in that sense. Real life, there are always unresolved issues. In novels, we want everything closed down by the last page. Unless you’re talking about a sequel. Then, by all means, telegraph what you didn’t finish so we want the next book.
  14. Does anyone think cliches are acceptable? I almost skipped this one as too mundane, but decided it was worth mentioning. Cliches show readers what some other writer came up with. You must create your own clever way of saying ‘as flat as a pancake’ or ‘blonde bombshell’ so we see the depth of your talent. That’s just the way it is.
  15. Truncate run-on sentences. This one, as writers, we should have grown out of by now, but I am constantly surprised by how many I find. Use no more than two prepositional phrases in a sentence, two adjectives for each noun, limit adverbs and adjectives in general. That’ll start things. You can build from there.

I’ve avoided these mistakes in my current undertaking, which means I have to move on to the next list of writer’s fixes. I’ll show you that soon.



43 thoughts on “The 15 Biggest Writing Blunders (And How To Avoid Them)

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  4. This is a really great list. I think I need to work on utilising the five senses more and avoiding cliches. I’m fairly certain there are a few repetitive, well-known phrases in my WIP. After reading your posts I feel I might need to do another big edit 🙂

    Liked by 1 person

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  6. Hi Jacqui
    I read a good one the other day and it is: allow space in your writing for the reader. I think that’s why books like ‘No Country for Old Men’ succeed so well.
    I find genre choice to be a bit of a puzzle. If the genre is ‘humour’ for instance, one can’t – I believe – be simply funny, all of the time, because that becomes too shallow and, ultimately, meaningless. If humour is the antidote to pain, then a vein of seriousness has to run through the narrative, or there is no learning and no point. I am thinking of ‘The Number One Ladies Detective Agency’ as an example of this.
    Your website is a riveting read btw.


    • I never read the “Number One” books, but saw the TV series. I loved it–so sad when it was no longer available.

      Genres not only categorize theme of the writing, but rules for how to write it. For example, LitFic includes ‘flowery’ language, where thrillers never would.


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  9. Lovely tips. What if you write in one genre, and critiques advise you to switch to another because your writing suits that new genre?


    • You have two choices: 1) each genre has characteristics used to identify it to readers–overarching factors that help define a story as literary fiction or thriller or steam punk. I have a series on that here–https://worddreams.wordpress.com/category/genre-tips/. Likely, you have included some characteristics from a different genre in your book. It may be considered a new sub-genre, say, instead of ‘thriller’ it is now ‘romantic thriller’–that is fine. Just be aware that you’ve mixed elements.

      2) it’s possible you are writing in a different genre. If you like digging into the thought processes of your characters and pursuing big ideas like the difference between right and wrong, and doing this while your hero is saving the world, you are mixing literary fiction and thrillers. Which is your purpose? Thriller readers are less interested in the psychological pros and cons of ethereal ideas, and literary fiction readers are less interested in characters that are bigger-than-life.

      Does that help? Good luck with this–it’s not easy!


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  11. Jacqui, I’m so glad I found your site. I am writing my first novel and your tips have really a helped me to flesh out my characters. Thank you for sharing your knowledge and helping out this struggling beginner. *hugs


  12. Just read this one – it’s on your list of popular posts – and it’s one of the best you’ve written. 15 specific pits to crawl out of on the way to a better book. A checklist against which I can grade my work and determine what needs fixing. I’m not guilty of everything here, but some of the blunders made me itchy – got to go remove and repair. Thanks for the nudges.


  13. I enjoyed this post for 2 reasons:

    1) a handy reminder to go through when I revise my manuscript


    2) clear cut.

    I’m easy and practical. Thank you for this post, I believe it’s exactly what I’ve been looking for when it comes to my rewrite.


  14. I love your site–as always–but I just wanted to point out to you that on Tip #13, you accidentally put “lose” instead of “loose.”



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  16. That all sounds pretty obvious to me, but it’s great to have a checklist to tick off. We can’t evaluate our work too much and the more eyyes we can see it through, the better.


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